Mother taking child to France — Father returning child to Canada four months later — Mother alleging child was habitually resident in France when father returned child to Canada — Superior Court finding child habitually resident in Canada and dismissing mother’s application — Court of Appeal dismissing appeal — Whether procedural jurisdiction of application judge hearing a Hague Convention case includes determining allegations of a child’s earlier wrongful retention in another jurisdiction — What is the proper application of the hybrid model adopted in Office of the Children’s Lawyer v. Balev, 2018 SCC 16, [2018] 1 S.C.R. 398, particularly to infant children? — Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction, Can. T.S. 1983 No. 35, art. 3. — dismissed 06/11/2020 — Supreme Advocacy acted as agents for the Respondent.

Read the lower court decision from the ONCA here.